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树也爱“社交”?爱分享 危险降临时会相互提醒
日期:2019-05-25 09:49    编辑:乐飞大香蕉电影网    来源:未知
树也爱社交?爱分享 危险降临时会相互提醒看似安静的森林,其实都有一种神秘的地下 社交网络。他们可以互相帮助,分享影响五,还会相互提醒即将到来的威胁。 [by:小e大香蕉电影走进一片树林,你就进入了一个宁静、熟悉的世界。 [00:04.70]But what if you look dow

  树也爱“社交”?爱分享 危险降临时会相互提醒看似安静的森林,其实都有一种神秘的地下 “社交网络”。他们可以互相帮助,分享影响五,还会相互提醒即将到来的威胁。 [by:小e大香蕉电影走进一片树林,你就进入了一个宁静、熟悉的世界。 [00:04.70]But what if you look down? Beneath every forest and wood, there is a kind of mysterious underground social network. 但要是往下看呢?在每一片森林和树林的下面,都有一种神秘的地下 “社交网络”。 [00:12.38]Lets peel back the earth to take a look. 让我们剥开土地来看一看。 [00:15.17]There are the tree roots and then mingling among them, along with bacteria, are thousands of superfine threads of fungi, known as hyphae. 有树根,混在其中,连同细菌,还有成千上万超细的真菌,称为菌丝。 [00:25.10]And research has shown that they are all interconnected. 研究表明,它们都是相互关联的。 [00:28.42]They can help each other by sharing nutrients. 他们可以互相帮助,分享营养物。 [00:31.61]And they can even warn of approaching threats. 它们甚至可以相互提醒即将到来的威胁。 [00:35.30]And scientists have described this as if the trees are talking to one another. 科学家们将其描述为树木之间的对话。 [00:39.40]Now Dr Thomas Crowther and his team have mapped this subterranean social network of fungi on an epic global scale. 现在,托马斯・克劳瑟博士和他的团队绘制了这个地下真菌 “社交网络”,并且是在全球范围内完成的。 [00:47.61]He likens it to producing an MRI scan of the worlds forests. 他将其比作对全球森林进行的一个核磁共振扫描。 [00:51.50]There are two main types of fungal network. 真菌网络主要有两种类型。 [00:54.58]They both suck up the greenhouse gas, carbon, a key factor in climate change. 它们都吸收了温室气体 ― 碳,这是影响气候变化的一个关键因素。 [00:59.90]Systems in woods like here in the UK absorb more than ones in tropical climates. 像英国这样的森林系统要比热带气候中的吸收更多碳。 [01:04.13]But theyre more vulnerable to rising temperatures. 但它们更容易受到气温上升的影响。 [01:06.55]There is an effective way to help fight climate change and thats by planting trees. 有一个有效的方法来帮助对抗气候变化,那就是植树。 [01:13.11]The new map of the wood-wide web can now be used to guide the planters. 新的木网地图现在可以用来指导种植者。 [01:17.33]Know the right network to plug the tree into and it will flourish. 只要知道正确的 “网络”,把树插进去,它就会茁壮成长。

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