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英国:生鲜牛奶需求量7年增五倍
日期:2019-04-12 20:41    编辑:乐飞大香蕉电影网    来源:未知
我们平时购买的多是经过巴氏灭菌法消毒过的牛奶,英国今年生鲜奶逐渐流行,生鲜奶的需求激增,从 2012 年的 60 万升增长到去年的 300 多万升,增长了五倍。 [by:小e大香蕉电影就像他的父亲和祖父一样,约翰尼克里克莫尔是一个奶农。 [00:05.34]But trying to make

  我们平时购买的多是经过巴氏灭菌法消毒过的牛奶,英国今年生鲜奶逐渐流行,生鲜奶的需求激增,从 2012 年的 60 万升增长到去年的 300 多万升,增长了五倍。 [by:小e大香蕉电影就像他的父亲和祖父一样,约翰尼・克里克莫尔是一个奶农。 [00:05.34]But trying to make money from milk these days has never been harder. 但如今,靠牛奶赚钱的日子着实不易。 [00:09.85]So at the moment, around 40% of his production is focused on raw milk sold directly to the public. 所以目前克里克莫尔将 40% 的生产力集中在直接向公众出售生鲜奶。 [00:17.77]The milk we buy normally is pasteurised, heated to destroy any harmful bacteria it may contain. 我们平时购买的大多是经过巴氏灭菌法消毒过的牛奶,这种方法通过对生奶加热而杀死奶中可能含有的有害细菌。 [00:24.88]Producing raw milk means hygiene standards have to be high. 生产生鲜奶的卫生标准要求很高。 [00:28.82]The thing you do is want to have a visual look at the milk. 首先,我们需要看一看牛奶, [00:31.74]Make sure its the right colour and theres nothing... no infection in the cows quarter. 以确保颜色正常,乳房也没有感染。 [00:35.69]Secondly you would use this surgery disinfectant. 其次,要使用这种手术用的消毒剂。 [00:38.90]That goes on the cows teat and then you go over it afterwards with this wood wool. 这用在牛的乳头上,之后再用这个木棉把它擦一遍。 [00:43.89]And that will get the teat as clean as you could possibly get it before you put the unit on. 这样就能在安上这个装置之前尽可能地把乳头擦干净。 [00:49.90]The past five years have seen an explosion in the demand for raw milk - a fivefold increase from around six hundred thousand litres in 2012 to more than three million last year. 在过去五年里,生鲜奶的需求激增,从 2012 年的 60 万升增长到去年的 300 多万升,增长了五倍。 [01:00.43]Now, the Food Standards Agency is undergoing a consultation looking at how the burgeoning industry should be controlled. 目前,英国食品标准局正在就如何管控这个新兴产业进行商讨。 [01:07.80]Between 2015 and 2017, there were five outbreaks related to raw drinking milk and involving over 100 people and many of them were children as well. 在 2015 至 2017 年间,英国发生了五起与生鲜奶有关的疫情,涉及 100 多人,其中许多是儿童。 [01:19.99]And we had quite a few hospitalisations from those outbreaks as well. 他们当中一些人还接受了住院治疗。 [01:23.82]So it is a risky product. 所以这是一个有风险的产品。 [01:27.38]Direct farm sales mean raw drinking milk is measured not in food miles but in food feet, but it being allowed to travel further afield to shops and larger retailers remains a fair distance away. 因为农场直接销售生奶,所以生牛奶不存在 “食物里程数” 的问题,但允许将生奶售往更远的商店和更大的零售商那里,尚需时日。英国:生鲜牛奶需求量7年增五倍

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